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  • 课程:从校本走向生本

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校本课程的开发,不仅使课程资源更加丰富,课程内容更能体现地域特点,同时也可以为教师专业发展提供新路径,为学生发展提供更广阔的舞台,这对学校特色发展和学生个性发展起到了推波助澜的作用。然而,我们在实践中却逐渐发现,尽管丰富多彩的校本课程资源为学生提供了选择的空间,但绝大多数情况下,校本课程的构建还是以教师为主体的。也就是说,课程的开发往往反映的是学校和教师的课程意志,忽视了学生的主体存在。

JIYUZHEIYANGDESIKAO,WOMENYI“WENTIKUGOUJIAN”WEIZAITI,TANSUOSHISHILESHENGBENHUAKECHENG。

云来彩票开户WENTIKUDEGOUJIANSHISHENGBENHUAKECHENGSHISHIDEJICHU。RANGXUESHENGJIYUZIJIDESHENGHUOJINGYANHEDUIZIRAN、SHEHUIDERENZHI,TICHUGANXINGQUDEWENTI,JIANLIWENTIZIYUANKU。DUIYUXUESHENGERYAN,ZHEIGEGUOCHENGSHIJIANDANDE,YINWEIHAOQIXINBENSHENJIUSHIHAIZIDEZHUANLI,TAMENDEXINZHONGZONGZHUANGZHEWUSHUWEISHENME——DANZHEIXIEWENTIZHONGNENGGOUXINGCHENGKECHENGZIYUANDEQUEWEIHUQIWEI。SUOYIJIANLIWENTIKUDEHEXINYAOSUBUSHISHOUJIXUESHENGDEWENTI,ERSHIYINDAOXUESHENGZHENDUIMOUYISHIWUHUOZHEZIRANXIANXIANGJINXINGSHENRUPOUXI,CONGDUOJIAODU、DUOCENGMIANTICHUWENTI,JINERXINGCHENGZONGHEHUA、LITIHUA、XILIEHUAZIYUANKU。SHUODAODI,ZHEIGEGUOCHENGSHISHISHENGGONGTONGKAIFAKECHENGZIYUANDEGUOCHENG,TONGSHIGENGSHIPEIYANGXUESHENGLITIHUASIWEIYISHIHESIKAONENGLIDEGUOCHENG。

LIRU:WANTUOLUOYOUXIZAIXUEXIAOFENGMIYISHI,GEZHONGXINGSHIDETUOLUOJIAWEICHABIEHENDA,JIAOSHIJIUGENJUZHEIYIXIANXIANGZUZHIXUESHENGKAIFA“WANTUOLUO”KECHENG。JIAOSHISHOUXIANCHUSHIYIGESULIAOPINGGAIHEYIGENHUOCHAIBANG,RANHOUZUZHUANGYIGETUOLUO,XUESHENGGANDAOHENJINGQI,ZHEISHISHENMENI?LAOSHIZAIZHUOSHANGZHUANDONG,JIAOSHINEILIJIFEITENG,“HAIYOUZHEIYANGDETUOLUO”?YUSHI,SHISHENGYIQIZHIZUOTUOLUO、WANTUOLUO,ZHIHOUJIAOSHIBIANYINDAOXUESHENGGENJUTUOLUOTIWENTI。XUESHENGWEN:ZHEISHIBUSHIZUIYUANSHIDETUOLUO?WOMENMAIDETUOLUOSHIBUSHIDOUSHIYOUTAFAZHANERLAIDE?TUOLUOZUIZAOSHIZAISHENMESHIHOUCHUXIANDE?TUOLUOYOUSHENMEQITAZUOYONGMA?WEISHENMEYOUDETUOLUOZHUANDONGDESHIJIANZHANG……ZAICIJICHUSHANG,JIAOSHIYINDAOXUESHENGJIANGWENTIZHENGLIGUINAWEI:TUOLUODEQIYUAN、TUOLUODEFAZHAN、TUOLUODEYINGYONGJITUOLUOZHUANDONGSHIJIANDEYANJIUDENGJIGEMOKUAINEIRONG。QIZHONGDEHEXINWENTIJIUSHIZHENDUITUOLUOZHUANDONGSHIJIANZHANGDUANDEYANJIU,JIAOSHIYINDAOXUESHENGWEIRAOZHEIYIWENTISHENRUPOUXI,TICHUCAIXIANG:TUOLUOZHUANDONGSHIJIANDEZHANGDUANKENENGYUNAXIEYINSUYOUGUANXI?XUESHENGZAICAIXIANGDEJICHUSHANGTICHUXINWENTI:SHIBUSHIYUZHUOMIANDEGUANGHUACHENGDUYOUGUAN?SHIBUSHIYUZHUANZIDECAILIAOYOUGUAN?SHIBUSHIYUZHUANZIDEXINGZHUANGYOUGUAN?SHIBUSHIYUZHUANZHOUDIDUANDEYUANHUACHENGDUYOUGUAN……GONGJI120DUOGEWENTI。

云来彩票开户WANTUOLUO——YIGEJIANDANDEYOUXI,SHENGFADEKECHENGZIYUANZAIBUFENKEMUZHONGZHIYONGYILIANGGEKESHIJIUNENGWANCHENG,DANSHIZAIZHEILI,JIAOSHIHEXUESHENGCONGWENTICHUFA,SHENGCHENGLEYIXILIEWENTI,ZHEIXIEWENTIJIUSHIZUISHENGDONGDEKECHENGZIYUAN,ERZHEIXIEZIYUANWANQUANLAIZIYUXUESHENG,QISHIJINYONGJIGEKESHIJIUNENGWANCHENGDE?ZHENGSHIJIEZHUZHEIZHONGSILU,WOMENKAISHELEZHIWUHESHUI、DOUZIDEXUEWEN、SHUYEDEAOMI、JIDANZHUANGDIQIU、ZHIDEMIMI20YUXIANGSHENGBENKECHENG。

YITUOSHENGBENKECHENGDEJIANSHEYUSHISHI,WOMENJIANGZONGHESHIJIANHUODONGKECHENG、DIFANGKECHENG、HUANJINGJIAOYUDENGNEIRONGXIANGHUZHENGHE,ZAIFENGFUKECHENGZIYUANDETONGSHI,RANGHAIZINENGGOUZHENZHENGZIYOUXUANZESHUYUZIJIDEKECHENG,SHIKECHENGWANQUANGOUJIANYUHAIZIDESHENGHUOJICHUZHISHANG,MIQIELEKECHENGYUSHENGHUODELIANXI。

JINGGUOJINIANDETANSUOYUSHIJIAN,WOZHUJIANRENSHIDAO,SHENGBENKECHENGDEHEXINSIXIANGJIUSHICHONGFENZUNZHONGXUESHENG。WOMENYIZHICHANGDAO“BAXUESHENGDEWENTIDANGZUOSHENGDONGDEKECHENGZIYUAN”,KESHIZHENZHENGJIANGZHEIJUHUALUOSHIDEYOUYOUJIRENNI?MIANDUIXUESHENGTICHUDEXUEKEXUEXIZHIWAIDEWENTI,JIAOSHISHIZHIZHIBULI、SUIXINFUYAN,HAISHIZUOXIALAIRENZHENQINGTINGBINGBANGZHEFENXI?WOMENDOUSHUO“YAOZUNZHONGHAIZI”“YAOPEIYANGHAIZIDEGEXING”,KESHIRUGUOLIANHAIZIDEWENTIDOUBUNENGRENZHENDUIDAI,YOUHETANZUNZHONGNI?

云来彩票开户QISHI,ZUNZHONGHAIZIDEGEXINGFAZHANJIUSHIRANGHAIZIZIYOUCHENGZHANG,JIUSHIRANGHAIZIDEHAOQIXIN、QIUZHIYUZAIJIAOSHINEILIDEDAOMANZU。NIUDUNBUJIUSHIYINWEI“PINGGUOWEISHENMEHUILUOZAIDISHANG”,ZUIZHONGTANJIUCHULENIUDUNDIYIDINGLVMA?WATEBUJIUSHIYINWEI“WEISHENMESHUIKAILEHUGAIJIUHUISHANGXIATIAODONG”,ZUIZHONGFAMINGLEZHENGQIJIMA?JINTIAN,SHEIYOUNENGBAOZHENGWOMENSHENBIANDEHAIZIBUHUIYOUNIUDUNHEWATESHIDERENWUNI?

SHENGBENKECHENGDEGOUJIANYUSHISHI,DUIYUCHUANTONGDEKECHENGXINGTAIHEKECHENGMOSHIDOUSHIYIZHONGTIAOZHAN。QIYISHIDAPOLEGUDINGDEBANJISHOUKEMOSHI——YINWEIXUESHENGGANXINGQUDEWENTIBUYIYANG,XUANZEDEKECHENGYEBUYIYANG,KECHENGSHISHIDEXINGSHIYEJIUQIANCHAWANBIE,SUOYIBUKENENGDOUZAITONGYIJIANJIAOSHILIANBUJIUBANDITINGKEXUEXI——ZOUBANZHIRANGBUTONGBANJIDEHAIZIGENJUXIANGTONGDEXINGQUZOUZAIYIQI。QIERSHIDAPOLEYUANYOUDEJIAOSHISHOUKEMOSHI,SHENGBENKECHENGDESHISHIQIANGDIAO“DAOSHIZHI”,JIMEIWEIJIAOSHIZAIWENTIKUZHONGGENJUZIJIDEYOUSHIXUANZEYIXIANGKECHENGNEIRONGZAIXIAONEIGONGBU,XUESHENGZEGENJUXUEXIAOKAICHUDEKECHENGNEIRONGZIYOUXUANZEDAOSHI。QISANSHIDAPOLECHUANTONGDE“YIBENSHOUKE”MOSHI,RENKEJIAOSHISHOUZHONGDOUYOUYIBENZIBIANDEJIAOCAI,YOUDESHENZHIJINIANMEIYOUBIANHUA,SHENGBENKECHENGZHIXUYAOJIAOSHIZAIXUEQICHUNACHUJUTIDEXINGDONGFANGAN(JIZHIDAOJIHUA),JUTIDAOMEIKESHIZUOSHENME,JUTIDEMUBIAOSHISHENME,XUYAODUOZHANGSHIJIANWANCHENGDENGNEIRONG,WANQUANZUNZHONGJIAOSHIHEXUESHENGZAIKECHENGSHISHIZHONGDEZIZHUXINGHEKAIFANGXING。

SUOYISHUODAODI,“SHENGBEN”KECHENGJIUSHI“YIXUESHENGWEIBEN”DEKECHENG,JIUSHICHONGFENZUNZHONGXUESHENGDEGEXING,YU“XIAOBEN”DEZUIDAQUBIEJIUZAIYUKECHENGDEYIZHISHIYIXUESHENGWEIZHUTIERQUELIDE。

KECHENG,CONGXIAOBENZOUXIANGSHENGBEN,BIRANCHENGWEIYIZHONGQUSHI。(ZUOZHE:ZHAOERBO)

ZHONGGUOGAOXIAOZHICHUANG


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